Iran’s Terrorist Framework
The Islamic revolution of 1979 in Iran ushered in an area in which terrorist groups have strong links to that government. Iran’s foreign policy has actively pushed terrorist organizations in to the forefront, helping to fund these groups for decades.
Hizballah is a Lebanese group that Iran has given millions of dollars to. Iran doles out more than $100 million to the Hizballah. Small arms, Rockets, anti-tank guided missles, and artillery systems are just some of the military armament Iran gives to Hizballah. Iran incorporates Hizballah into its external security network, exchanging intelligence and military personnel. Hizballah has become emboldened in its anti-Israeli efforts as its support from Iran and nearby Arab countries continues to grow. The Palestine Islamic Jihad and Hamas are two organizations that are connected to Hizballah and are vocal about their opposition to the existence of Israel. Israeli-Syrian and Israeli-Palestianian policies toward peace have been usurped by the Iranian willingness to financially back these group. Iran benefits when these failed negotiations occur.
Iran’s royal family was deposed in the Islamic revolution of 1979. The Islamic revolution was led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who, as Supreme Leader of Iran, decreed that the revolutionary ideas should be spread globally.
Iran’s constitution and the documents of the Islamic Revolutionary guard espouse the beliefs that originate with the Islamic revolution.
Although Iran’s link to Hizballah maybe strong, it is certainly not its only one with a group that promotes terrorism. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bahrain, and Iraq are a few Islamic countries in which Iran has supported terrorist organizations. The groups push to remove their governments from power by any means necessary.
Iran may be a Shi’s Muslim country, but that doesn’t mean it is opposed to aiding other Muslim organizations. In recent years, Tehran has helped groups from Muslim backgrounds it has not typically been affiliated with. Non-Shi’a organizations, such as the Iraqi Kurdish, Palestine Islamic Jihad, and Hamas, are given financial and military help from Iran.
Shi’a Islam is hated by al-Qa’ida and the Taliban, yet Iran has still financed their efforts.
Once again, this is Iran’s desire to promote the principles of the Islamic revolution as far as possible.
To learn more about Iran and terrorism read more about Mark Dubowitz and his work.
Crisis in Syria
The threats to the regime of Bashar alAsad, Syria’s leader, causes concern for Iran. There are few allies to Iran in the Middle East, but Syria has been a loyal partner to the country.
If Iran were to lose its friendship to Syria–or the leadership of alAsad–that would mean fewer opportunities to manipulate the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. The efforts to remove alAsad from power is a clear sign, according to Iran, of a larger international campaign to minimize Iran’s power.